How to Grow Hemp
Feminized Vs Regular seed?
Choosing feminized seed Results and much higher yields per acre. For one, each plant is a producer versus 50% of your plants not producing what you're after. Secondly, when a plant is seeded the cannabinoid production is cut in half or more. Pulling out males in time is extremely labor intensive and if even one is missed the entire crop can become seeded.
Which cultivar is best for my region?
All of our varieties have been chosen base on strong growth characteristics and resistance to frost and mold (rain at harvest).However, these are the two major factors that may decrease the value of the crop.
To determine whether or not these will impact your crop we first need to determine when they're likely to happen.
The likelihood of the first day of frost in your region is depicted on the map below.
Then the likelihood of a September/October rain.
That said, we need to determine the maturation date of your plants.
Autorella will mature within 75 days from germination, regardless of photoperiod.
Our Early Series will mature within 6-7 wks from when daylight drops to 12 hours.
Our Full Season will mature within 8-10 wks from the same.
All regions in the US can grow Autorella and the maturation date can be chosen based on planting date.
Our Early season seeds are appropriate for regions where there is an early frost and rains during harvest season.
Early Season will mature as follows for these Latitudes:
30º = Last Week of August
35º = First Week of September
40º = Second Week of September
45º = Last week of September
Our Full season seeds are appropriate for regions where there is late or no frost and rains are minimal to no-existent during harvest season.
Full Season will mature as follows for these Latitudes:
30º = Sept 14 - 28
35º = Sept 21 - Oct 7
40º = Oct 1 - 14
45º = Oct 14 - 28
Given these timeframes, some regions can stagger harvests by planting some fields with Autorellas, some with Early Season, and some with Full Season plants.
Should I direct sew or plant seedling/clone plugs?
We recommend 3/4" depth direct sew of the Autorellas since any root disturbance will cause a major setback in the growth and production.
For the early and full season we recommend Seedling/clone plugs 50 - 72 cell trays @ 4-7" tall, 1.5-2.5" below the surface.
When Should I plant?
The timing of the Autorella planting is wholly dependent on the desired harvest date 75 days later.
For the Early and Full Seasons planting early (May 1- 15th) will create large plants 6 -8' tall and 5 -6' diameter, Planting June 1-15th will yield plants between 3-5' tall and 2.5-3.5 diameter.
What plant spacing is appropriate?
Spacing is dependent on your projected plant size and maintaining good airflow. Overcrowding will lead to mold and disease. Projected plant size will be determined by your planting date as outlined above along with the characteristics of the individual cultivar that you choose. Full Seasons tend to be larger plants.
Can I grow more than one crop per season?
Some dry and frost free regions can grow up to 3 harvests in a year
What are the nutrient requirements?
Up to 100-130 lb/acre of nitrogen, 45-70 lb/acre phosphorus, and 35-80 lb/acre of potash (to keep potassium levels in a medium to high range of >250 ppm), and 10-15 lb/acre of sulfur. Phosphorus levels should be medium to high (>40 ppm) and calcium not in excess (<6,000 ppm). About the same high-yielding crop of wheat, or corn. Hemp does best when organic matter greater than 3.5%. So hopefully you had a good cover crop this year!
Does intercropping help?
We've found that pest damage is minimized using a low profile beneficial mix of
6% White clover
10% Red Clover
10% Crimson Clover
5% Creeping Red Fescue
5% Hard Fescue
27% Subterranean Clovers
5% Pesian Clover
1% Cal Poppy
2% Baby's Breath
2% Bachelor Buttons
What pests/diseases should I be watching for and how do I address them?
The most common early problem is Powdery Mildew
We pre-treat our plants with an organic bacteria rich compost tea to prevent its growth. Once established it can be treated with a low pH wash followed by neutral spray.
Mites are also quite common, typically two spot spider mite
These can be controlled with predatory mites specific to the pest
The last most common problem is botrytis
This mold will typically develop in the hearts of the buds in any area that has been previously damaged (Caterpillars, Aphids, mites, powdery mildew, Ect). It will typically begin in the largest buds hidden from view. Once you see signs of mold developing you must harvest immediately.
How often do males/hermaphrodites come up in a "female" population?
We've observed between 1:2500-4000. You will have to assume that there is at least some male flowers on a plant in every acre. You will need to walk your fields to find them. There's unfortunately there's no exception to this and it even happens in clonal populations when there is any stress on the plants. YOU MUST WALK YOUR FIELDS!
What does a male/hermaphrodite look like?
Male Pollen Sacs hang below/at the nodes in this Hermaphrodite
These plants are often strange looking, or can have a single branch that is full of male flowers, occasionally there can be a full male phenotype.
When should I be testing for THC levels?
Each Cultivar will mature slightly differently. We encourage you to test your furthest developed phenotypes for THC levels at week 3 of flowering. This will allow you to follow the trends of cannabinoid production and will trigger an appropriate inspection and harvest date in the weeks that follow.
How should I harvest?
We recommend hand harvesting, loading into trailers or trucks and driving to your drying area.
What's the best drying method?
Mechanical drying is the fastest method
Hanging on trellis in a warehouse with dehumidifying capacity is another option
How do I store my harvest?
Once dried the Hemp can be mechanically broken down for more compact storage in super sacs or the like
Is there a market?
Ask for Nick: 862-274-1030 (Sell your biomass)
Kenneth Cruz. 760-610-2466 (Sell your biomass)
Adam Gillette (Sell your biomass)
Todd Bean (Sell your biomass)
Director of Global Sales
Bari Smith (Sell your biomass)
Chief Operating Officer
https://landracehemp.us (Sell your biomass)
https://www.santafefarms.com (Sell your biomass)
ParagonProcessors.com (Sell your biomass)
Paul Whitcom (Sell your biomass)